The pulp is the hollow inner core of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, connective tissue and reparative cells (see Figure 1). In children, dental caries (cavities) and traumatic injury are the two main indications for pulpal therapy (also known as -paediatric root canal,- -pulpotomy- or -pulpectomy-). The primary objective of pulpal therapy is to maintain the integrity and health of the teeth and supporting tissues; thus, its treatment objective is to maintain the vitality of the pulp of a tooth affected by caries or traumatic injury.
In young permanent teeth with immature roots, the pulp is important for the continuation of apexogenesis (the continuation of the closure of the tip of the root, or apex, as the child gets older). Long-term retention of a permanent tooth requires a root with a favourable crown/root ratio and dentinal walls that are thick enough to withstand normal function. Therefore, pulp preservation is the primary goal for the treatment of young permanent dentition. A tooth without a vital pulp, however, can still remain clinically functional.
The vitality of the pulp is the most important focus of a dental examination and check-up because it is the basis of the indications, objectives and type of pulpal therapy that will be used. The pulp may be classified as normal (i.e., symptom free and with normal response to vitality testing), with reversible pulpitis (i.e., the pulp is capable of healing), with symptomatic or asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis (i.e., vital inflamed pulp is incapable of healing), or necrotic pulp.
The clinical diagnosis is derived from a comprehensive review of the medical and dental history, including current symptoms and chief complaint; subjective evaluation of the area associated with the current symptoms/chief complaint, which is accomplished by questioning the child and parent(s) on the location, intensity, duration, stimulus, relief and spontaneity of pain;
objective extraoral examination and intraoral soft and hard tissue examination; radiograph(s) to diagnose pulpitis or necrosis showing the involved tooth, furcation, periapical area and the surrounding bone; and clinical tests such as palpation, percussion and mobility.
A treatment plan should include the following:
1. The patient’s medical history
2. The value of each involved tooth in relation to the child’s overall development
3. Alternatives to pulp treatment
4. Restorability of the tooth.
For more information please visit: e-deneducation Dental Courses
Karen McDonagh is a proud contributing author and writes articles on several subjects including Dental Courses. She is passionate for Dental Education Professional and always looking for better ways to educate people.
Most people with dry skin are spending millions of dollars every year on dry skin therapy. However, a great number of them are not able to find the relief they are looking for. This is because they are not using the right products with the right ingredients. It is very simple and it starts by knowing the right quality of ingredients to look for. Ideally, there is a wide range of quality ingredients that have been include in this therapy and produced excellent results. Some of these ingredients are explained below. Shea butter- It is also called Karite butter. It is light yellowish and obtained from the fruits of Shea tree by boiling and crushing. This oil is used as an emollient, moisturizer and as cooking oil in some regions. When applied on the skin, it provides a natural protection against the harmful UV rays. It is known to produce an evening tone, heal burns, stretch marks and dark spots. It returns the shininess to chemical treated or dry hair; penetrates deeper restoring the elasticity of the skin and treats conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. So, next time you move to the store go for the products with Shea butter as the main ingredient. Using Jojoba oil- It is obtained from crushed seeds of jojoba plant. It is similar to sebum and it is made up of wax esters. It is absorbed easily without clogging the pores or causing allergic reactions. Once applied in the skin, it has an amazing ability of regulating the amount of sebum produced by the skin. This means that, the body does not produce too little or too much sebum. It moisturizes the skin because it is composed of wax and not oil which leaves a greasy residue. Jojoba oil also provides the fatty substances which are required to reduce the rate of water loss by the skin. They assist in the production of collagen, a protein that keeps the skin healthy and young. Finally, stop using soaps since they are harsh making it dry and start using mild cleansers. For outstanding results, you should have a change in your diet. Ingredients derived from avocados, vegetables and fruits play a very important role in enhancing a healthy skin.
David C. Brown holds a Master of Education and a Bachelor of Science in Education. Be sure to follow my writings daily. Check out my website:
Risk management in the healthcare industry is essential to ensure the safety of the patients and reduce liability for the institution. Research shows that even now, administrative mistakes and medical negligence still causes many grievances and disputes leading to legal battles.
Devising a good risk management programme and implementing a more strategic approach can save the company a lot of money. When a company is unable to put into practice methods to manage risk, valuable resources may be lost. To achieve and benefit from risk managements procedures, healthcare institutions must fully inform and support their leading managers to be completely aware and proactive in integrating risk thinking into all aspects of their work whether it is in operations, development or performance management.
There are minimum standards for healthcare institutions that have been agreed upon by government bodies to ensure the safety of the patient. However, there are still many cases of malpractice and medical negligence. A strategic and comprehensive risk management programme will aid in greatly reducing these unfortunate occurrences and protect all who work within the institution. It will also improve the standard of the care that is received by the patient and enhance the organisation as a whole helping towards creating a self sufficient business.
For those who already work in healthcare or are interested in a career in this field, there are many sources for you to gain a better understanding of benefits of risk management. There are courses offered by universities that cover extensively topics including standards of healthcare, governance of the Health Care Organisation, general risk management, federal and state laws and ways to integrate patient care with enterprise risk management. All these various aspects need to be taken into account to create a comprehensive healthcare risk management programme.
Various online courses may also be taken advantage of to develop your skills if you already in the healthcare sector. Most of the time, these courses are affiliated with a university and offer recognised certification in risk management. Students who are interested in a career within the healthcare industry can also use this to explore their opportunities in this lucrative segment of the healthcare industry.
While the foundation to several dieting systems has been controlling portions, getting rid of unwanted fat goes beyond merely managing portions. Besides monitoring portions, what food products make up those portions is valuable too. Medical conditions and excessive pounds will be much more apt to occur in eating habits missing correct nutriments. Hence, a proper eating plan to lose weight includes more than just portion control but in addition getting appropriate nutriments from all food groups.
Decreasing extra fat tends to be considerably more challenging if eating habits fail to have dietary protein. Dietary protein helps in maintaining and creating muscle tissue. Whenever a human body possesses a lot more muscle mass then metabolism is boosted. As a result a lot more calories will be used up resulting in fat loss. Food products full of dietary protein that ought to be incorporated within everybody’s eating habits include tuna, cottage cheese and tofu.
Above making removing excessive weight more hard eating habits deficient in protein contributes to many more medical problems occurring too. Protein prevents colon cancer, cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Consequently, dietary habits packed with protein decrease chance of these health problems. Though, whenever too much dietary protein is acquired, the body converts excess protein to cellulite causing extra fat. As a consequence, monitoring portions is extremely essential whenever consuming food products high in dietary protein.
Reducing extra body fat is a lot more difficult if dietary habits fail to have vitamins. These items are needed to keep a bodys weight-related functions like metabolic rate, appetite and calorie burning running properly. All of them play a part in experiencing best health overall and body weight. Therefore, diets high in these substances will be beneficial in eliminating extra weight. Items loaded with vitamins which should be incorporated within everyones diet consist of eggs, cauliflower and strawberries.
On top of making reducing excess body fat even more hard dietary habits deficient in vitamins results in many more diseases developing too. Items abundant with these substances help minimize possibility for multiple sclerosis, infections and eye problems. Though, be cautious not to get an abundance of these substances. Even though tough, getting excessive amounts of certain vitamins brings about complications. For instance, way too much vitamin D brings about vomiting, nausea and constipation. Thus, a healthy eating plan to lose weight consists of monitoring portion amounts while eating food items with these substances.
Dropping excessive pounds involves dining on food products full of protein and vitamins. Nonetheless, eating large amounts of items high in protein and vitamins could cause problems. As a consequence, an eating plan to lose weight includes managing portions in addition to receiving proper nutrition by eating products full of protein and vitamins.
Whether you are having pain issues that are stemming from your joints, ligaments, or anywhere in your musculoskeletal system, your primary physician may not be enough to handle it. If you are experiencing chronic or acute pain issues such as instability when walking or standing, trouble moving, swelling in your joints, bone or joint related deformities, or other pain issues, you may want to schedule an appointment with your doctor. From there, your physician may refer you to an orthopedic specialist. There are a number of ways that one of these professionals can help you.
Orthopedic specialists can do more than help people who have experienced injuries. They focus on the diagnosis and treatment of issues arising from the musculoskeletal system. These professionals can help to reduce the pain in muscles, joints, ligaments, and tendons. Whether you have been injured, or you cannot pinpoint the source of your pain issues, you may be referred to see an orthopedic specialist who can provide you with a number of treatments including medicine and physical therapy. In some cases, you may need surgery to correct the problem.
In the case of an emergency, you may want to visit an OrthoNOW clinic. OrthoNOW is a network of urgent care clinics that specialize on treating a variety of orthopedic related injuries. When you are facing an emergency from an unexpected injury, an OrthoNOW clinic in your area can provide you with the immediate medical attention that you need. These clinics provide specialized orthopedic services for a number of different injuries including injuries in the wrists, ankles, spine, knees, and feet. There are a number of OrthoNOW clinics around the country, so if you are having an emergency that requires immediate attention, and it can be treated by an orthopedist, check to see if one of these clinics are near you.
Regardless of the issue that you are having, there is treatment available to you. Upon seeing a specialist in an OrthoNOW center or a doctor’s office, you may receive one of many treatments. If your injury or pain is not debilitating, the specialist may recommend one of many over the counter medicines, or he or she may prescribe something. In other cases, physical therapy may be the treatment that you need. In more extreme circumstances, surgery may be the most effective method of treatment. When you are facing pain problems in your joints, bones, or muscles, schedule an appointment with your doctor today.
For those looking into OrthoNow, Syracuse offers the great options at Upstate Orthopedics. Learn more at .
You Can’t Expect People to Just Wander Into Your Office.
The Health Care Industry today is just as competitive as any other business. Patients are becoming more savvy about their health care and have begun making choices on their own. Obviously they aren’t going to be too picky where they go if they are having a heart attack…they’ll let the paramedics decide…but when it comes to routine procedures they may have the option to choose where they go. How will they decide if they are going to choose your office or your competition’s? They will surely pick someplace with which they are familiar. Here is where direct-mail and promotional products come into play.
How Do You Get Their Attention?
It’s human nature to select someone or something because you are comfortable with it, right? That trait begins at infancy. Babies don’t like being held by strangers. Once that ‘stranger’ is around long enough and the baby sees him enough, he ceases being a stranger and the infant doesn’t fuss when he picks him up. It works the same way with adults. If a person is constantly being exposed to a business, whether they drive by it daily or see an advertisement or hear about it from an acquaintance, they begin to feel comfortable enough to patronize it. There have been many studies that confirm that phenomenon.
The Nuts and Bolts
A direct-mail campaign is an ideal way to familiarize hundreds or thousands of people with your facility. An ideal product is a mailer with a promotional refrigerator type magnet attached. The most popular product is called “magna-peel.” Do a Google search for magna-peel and look for a business that provides health care promotional products to see some examples. The recipient peels off the 3.5 X 4 inch magnet from the mailer. The magnet displays the business information as well as a calendar or other handy information. These magnets don’t get tossed in the trash like most conventional paper mailers. Instead they find their way to a prominent spot in the kitchen or workplace, where it is seen on a daily basis. The more people see it…the more comfortable they become with the business, remember?
That’s the exact result you want, too. When it comes time for the person to pick a Health Care facility, they’re going to think of your office right away because is has been etched into their minds by the many times they have looked at that product on their refrigerator.
Robert is currently working for Lewis Promotion, a supplier of quality Health Care advertising and promotional products. Click here to view just a few of the many products available.
A commonplace advertisement from insurance companies is ‘no medical tests required to purchase an insurance policy’. People are attracted to the convenience of no-test policy compared to the one that requires all medical tests. But is it really right to purchase a policy without knowing your health condition?
Every individual going to buy an insurance policy whether health or life insurance needs to undergo medical tests as prescribed and should be aware of his health condition. This article discusses the importance and reasons for getting an insurance policy after taking medical tests appropriately.
Premiums are based on health condition
The premiums of an insurance policy (health or life) are charged based on the individual’s health condition. You need to make a declaration about your health condition in policy application form and the insurer fixes a premium rate on the basis of your discloser.
For understanding this clearly, lets take an example of two persons. Of them, one has high sugar levels and the other person has normal sugar levels. If both take insurance policy from a company that does not require medical tests then both will be charged same premium. But in reality, the premiums for normal persons should be less than the premiums of others with health issues.
The policies that require no-medical tests are:
Low value policies: Policies that do not consider health tests offer cover not more than Rs 5 lakh. So, if you are looking for a higher cover, that serves your life/health insurance needs, then you should take pure protection policy that requires you to undergo medical tests.
Prone to rejection easily: In most cases, the person who is taking insurance without a medical test may not be aware of his/her health condition. S/He may suffer from an illness and may not know about it till a medical test is conducted. In such a case, an insurer can reject the claim as these policies contain suppressed facts of your health condition with no proper underwriting. So, these kind of unintentional mistakes may simply deprive insurance cover even for those paying huge premiums.
Cover may be inadequate: If you get policies that require no medical tests, then you will also get the policy that has no appropriate insurance cover. It is like getting insured, but having no adequate insurance protection.
It is the actual responsibility of insurance company to determine the health condition of an insurance buyer. An insurance company simply cannot deny the claim as it is its responsibility to subject the policyholder to medical tests and then fix the premium.
Thus, a detailed medical examination that requires blood and urinalysis related tests, blood sugar, ECG, blood count, blood pressure, blood serum tests etc. will benefit you manifold. It provides your health condition report which tells you how fit you are. If you are suffering from any illness, get it cured before it ruins your health. Get complete medical record of your health before buying insurance policy.
The whole world comes to a standstill when someone comes to know that or she has breast cancer. Though there are many treatment procedures for the killer disease today, it becomes almost obvious that the doomsday is near. Leave alone the tremendous pain one has to bear with, the very fear of death makes living life an uphill task.
Adding complementary therapies in the form of lifestyle changes and alternative medicines to your treatment plan can help you feel better and improve your prognosis. Oncologists are of the view that when it comes to breast cancer, conventional treatment procedures like surgery, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and radiation are unavoidable. But adopting a few holistic health strategies offer effective healing benefits. Here are some health care tips that make living with breast cancer a bit easier:
– Acupuncture: Stimulation of certain points on body activates key portions of the nervous system, resulting in the release of body’s own pain-killers and a boost to immune system.
– Dietary supplements: Apart from vitamins, minerals, and herbs, taking antioxidant supplements like turmeric help to negate the side-effects of chemotherapy. Other dietary supplements that show promise to breast cancer patients include curcumin, vitamin D3, and Maitake mushrooms.
– Eat anti-inflammatory foods: Anti-inflammatory foods stop metastasis or spreading of cancer. Same is true for breast cancer. Eat more of salmon, walnuts, pumpkin seeds to prevent breast cancer.
– Follow a detox-diet: Adding dark leafy green vegetables to the diet keeps kidneys and liver, the two major organs of human body, working properly so they can eliminate the harmful remains of chemotherapy drugs after theyve done their job.
– Stick to organic diet: Pesticides used during farming of non-organic crops are xenoestrogens, which stimulate the development of hormone-dependent tumors. So, it is always advisable to go the organic way, and start eating pesticide-free food. Regular exercise: There is no alternative to regular exercise. Sticking to a daily work-out schedule keeps immune system working in proper condition and detoxify at regular intervals.
There probably is no better way to keep your horse healthy than plenty of exercise and regiment of horse supplements. The secret to protect your horses from any such injury and health complications are minerals and vitamins. Horse supplements fulfill the requirements of many essential nutrients. They provide the accurate balance of vitamins, minerals and nutrients to live a happy and healthy life.
Plenty of exercise everyday causes your horse to use a great deal of energy. Help it maintain the essential energy level by providing your horse with Vitamins B1, 3 and 5 through supplements. They also work to support strong skin, coat, appetite and nerves. Minerals such as iodine and phosphate promote energy production in horses.
Never ignore the health of your horse. You can get a number find a bunch of different varieties of supplements available on the market. Horse supplements are great for horse health and can help with problems ranging from hoof care to digestion. They often assist with joint problems as well as young stock too. It is important to take precautions whenever you can.
You must make sure your horse receives the correct amount of horse supplements on a regular basis, especially if your horse is involved in competitive activities. Because of this, they need to receive extra supplements than typical horses. Just like any other animal or human in training, they need special attention and care.
Foods such as carrots and apples are some the best things to feed a horse. Make sure to also add bananas, grapes, and oranges to your horses meals too as much as possible. While carrots have low nutritional value for humans, they actually are quite healthy for horses. Orange roots can be fed in bigger amounts since they have low nutritional value.
Another rich source of energy is corn oil. It is commonly added to the dry food of competition horses which might not get enough energy. Corn oil is also fed to horses because they may not get the amount of food they would require when under the saddle for most of the day.
It is always a good idea to check with a horse trainer or a veterinarian about the correct type of dietary plans for your horse’s particular requirements. Remember that every horse is different. Be sure your horse’s dietary plan meets the quantity considered necessary for its training plan.
Another area of preparation before a small business begins selling to hospitals, is the understanding of the buying patterns of hospitals. There are two major budgets that a health care facility purchases products and services from.
The first is the hospital’s capital budget. Usually this is for large purchases with a formal sequence of budget creation, submittals, approvals and ultimately allocation of funds. The money is allocated around the facilities fiscal year which needs to be determined during a small businesses investigation. The fiscal year often does not mirror the calendar year. For example, it could be September to October or July to June.
This knowledge of the hospital’s fiscal year is critical is timing the marketing messages to insure that the small business is a vendor contacted during the budget creation time frame prior to their submittals to executive management approval. A downside to this is that there are usually a minimum of three vendors required by the by laws of the hospital to submit bids, which is by definition a competitive environment.
Next is the facilities operating budget. Hospitals use these fund for expenses occurred to keep operating and in compliance throughout the year. A small business who has creatively developed a low front end product to penetrate an account will be successful in getting in the door as a new vendor through the operating budget. This avoids the long sales cycle of capital approval and more formal sales process which small companies tend to be less likely to win.
There are other factors that come into play when ascertaining a hospitals buying pattern, such as purchasing group contracts or current agreements with present vendors. Some facilities that are under contract with a Group Purchasing Organization (GPO) are required to purchase a certain percentage of their products and services with vendors that are under contract with the GPO as well. A quick inquiry to the purchasing department of the facility should suffice in finding this out so the correct approach to acquiring the account can be implemented.
Small businesses will have to participate in the capital budget process, but if it can be avoided by securing jobs through less competitive operating budgets then do so.